Green Technologies in Montenegro

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Former Yugoslavian Territory Becomes a State… But What About Energy Issues?

Since 2006, Montenegro has been a sovereign and independent state. But how much time was once spent under Yugoslavian (and later Serbian), control? Montenegro was always a consistent part of state life, including economic, social and cultural development. In contrast, nowadays, Montenegro can boast of tourist facilities, accompanied by a list of crucial problems, unsolved by previous authority.

Regardless of the independence the state has gained, the essential problems of national importance sharpen the drama of the situation. As is the case with most of the countries in Europe, there is a lack of fuel and energy production that forces Montenegrin people to be dependent on imports, as well as friendly relations with neighbors.

Big financial expenses, as with any nation, are par for the course, and most of the nation’s budget is focused on heating, ventilation and air conditioning, and street lightening.

Notwithstanding a small number of potential electricity consumers, the national government of Montenegro has issued a program of housing stock modernization and implementing green technologies. The main goal of politicians has been to make the homes of Montenegro’s citizens more energy efficient.

Because of this priority, many scientists and technologists from abroad have been invited to join in the effort. Specifically, specialists from Germany, Japan, and Scandinavian states, all leaders in the use of green technologies, have been contacted. By the end of 2015, Montenegro has promised to discontinue importing fuels from other countries.

The agenda of this program includes several stages, all of which will be executed in the near future. The first one features equipment for city housing, featuring solar panels in the shape of leaves. These solar cells are referred to as Solar Ivy; their main advantage is in the reduction of energy needs, by as much as one third.

However, in Montenegro, the Solar Ivy will absorb and accumulate energy from the sun, that later will be transported to control and distribution systems. Forecasts state that soon housing in Montenegro might became the greatest example of energy-savings in the region.

The next stage of development is an offer of state preferential credits to those residents willing to buy heat pump systems. The production of these systmes is provided by a Japanese company, which takes into account the peculiarities of climate conditions on the Balkan Peninsula. The technology features the use of thermal power wherever it is possible.

Currently, massive promotional campaigns and advertisements regarding the state’s new energy policy are covering the streets of Montenegrin cities. One of the most interesting new issues is the installation of brand new buildings, which combine bicycle parking and solar accumulators that offer power charge for mobile gadgets and notebooks.

Besides providing huge amounts of energy, this national program also has additional advantages. Montenegro is known as a significant and marvelous tourist resort in Europe, and in fact, statesmen assume that this program is likely to multiply revenue gained from tourism.

The key thing is for regular tourist travelers to be accompanied by business-tourists, eager to invest money and to watch the success of green technological implementation. In practice, lots of hotels will be supported by renewable energy only, as well as waste recycling technologies.

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